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Recently Released High Yielding Varieties of Oats

Learn the characteristics of some latest high yielding hybrids of Oats.

Shreetu Singh
Recently Released High Yielding Hybrid Varieties of Oats, Image Source: Pixabay
Recently Released High Yielding Hybrid Varieties of Oats, Image Source: Pixabay

Oats (Avena sativa) are versatile crops cultivated worldwide for their nutritional value and agronomic benefits. In India, several high-yielding oat varieties have been developed to suit different agro-climatic zones, enhancing fodder and grain production. Here’s an overview of some prominent oat varieties known for their high yields and specific attributes:

Bundel Jai-99-1 (JHO 99-1)

  • Year of Release: 2007

  • Parent: OS 7 x IGO 320-1139-19

  • Method of Breeding: Intervarietal hybridization followed by pedigree breeding

  • Nature of Cultivar: Single-cut variety suitable for hill zones of India

  • Recommended Regions: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nilgiri Hills

  • Yield Performance: Green fodder yield of 34.5 t/ha, dry matter yield of 7.4 t/ha

  • Special Characteristics: Resistant to grasshoppers and aphids

OS 346

  • Year of Release: 2009

  • Parent: OS 6 x Kent

  • Method of Breeding: Pedigree breeding

  • Nature of Cultivar: Single-cut variety for Central Zone of India

  • Recommended Regions: Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh

  • Yield Performance: Green fodder yield of 534.7 q/ha, dry matter yield of 110.8 q/ha

  • Special Characteristics: High yield potential, suitable for irrigated conditions

OS 377

  • Year of Release: 2015

  • Parent: HJ 8 x Kent

  • Method of Breeding: Crossbreeding

  • Nature of Cultivar: Single-cut variety

  • Recommended Regions: Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh

  • Yield Performance: Green fodder yield of 537 q/ha, dry matter yield of 121 q/ha

  • Special Characteristics: Bold-seeded, better nutritional quality, moderate resistance to leaf blight

HFO 806

  • Year of Release: 2022

  • Parent: Not specified

  • Method of Breeding: Pedigree breeding

  • Nature of Cultivar: Recommended for South and Hill zones of India

  • Recommended Regions: Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh; Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir

  • Yield Performance: Green fodder yield of 376.4 q/ha (South), 295.2 q/ha (Hill); significant dry matter yield

  • Special Characteristics: Moderate resistance to powdery mildew, high adaptability

Bundel Jai-2010-1 (JHO-2010-1)

  • Year of Release: 2015

  • Parent: OS 7 x IGO 320

  • Method of Breeding: Intervarietal hybridization followed by pedigree breeding

  • Nature of Cultivar: Single-cut variety for South Zone of India

  • Recommended Regions: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu

  • Yield Performance: Green fodder yield averaging 30.6 t/ha, dry matter yield averaging 7.23 t/ha

  • Special Characteristics: Moderate resistance to sclerotium rots, leaf blight, and powdery mildew

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