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Cyclones vs Hurricanes vs Typhoons: What’s the Difference?

Tropical storms include typhoons, hurricanes, and cyclones. But how do they differ from one another? They are all essentially the same thing, but depending on where they appear, they are given different names.

Aarushi Chadha
A tropical storm over the ocean can create enormous waves.
A tropical storm over the ocean can create enormous waves.

Tropical storms called hurricanes develop over the Northeast Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans.  Cyclones form over the South Pacific and Indian Oceans. Severe tropical cyclone" or "Category 3 cyclone" & above form over Southwest Pacific Ocean west of 160°E or Southeast Indian Ocean east of 90°E, "very severe cyclonic storm" develops over the North Indian Ocean and "tropical cyclone" forms over Southwest Indian Ocean. Lastly, Typhoons form over the Northwest Pacific Ocean.

Why are storms given human names?

Long-lasting tropical storms have names so that people can recognize them right away. Typically, the first storm of the year, like Hurricane Alice, will have a name that starts with A, and the following storm will have a name that starts with B. Meetings are held by weather scientists to choose new names for the following year. Storm names that result in significant damage are never used again.

What causes tropical storms?

When air is heated by warm sea water, it rises swiftly. More warm air rising beneath it pushes back the air as it begins to cool down once more. This cycle results in powerful winds. Winds in tropical storms exceed 73 miles per hour.

How much damage do tropical storms cause?

A tropical storm over the ocean can create enormous waves. These waves can inundate sizable areas, including towns and cities, when they reach land. Strong winds have the potential to destroy a lot of land-based structures, including homes, trees, and even automobiles. Due to the lack of warm sea water, tropical storms over land typically dissipate after a few days.

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