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List of Communicable Diseases in India

Communicable diseases are spread by interacting with infected people. It can lead to death if not cured within the time. Here are the top communicable diseases in India.

Vivek Singh
Top communicable diseases in India (Photo Courtesy: Krishi Jagran)
Top communicable diseases in India (Photo Courtesy: Krishi Jagran)

As a result of the filthy living circumstances, which include inadequate public sanitation and a lack of cleanliness, communicable diseases are increasing more quickly in India. As a result, it's critical that we all become knowledgeable about prevalent communicable diseases in order to safeguard our families and raise public awareness.

In order to treat a communicable disease as soon as it has been diagnosed, it is also crucial to protect one's financial situation with health insurance coverage. Can you approach comprehending it all? Here's a look at many communicable diseases-

What is a Communicable Disease?

A disease that may be spread by coming into touch with infected people is considered communicable. Additionally, it could be brought on by contaminated items, food, etc., as well as direct or indirect disease vectors. The list of communicable illnesses is constantly evolving and is a major source of worry.

1. Covid-19 (Coronavirus)

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is the infectious illness known as coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The majority of virus-infected individuals will have mild to severe respiratory disease and will recover without the need for special care. However, some people will get serious illnesses and need to see a doctor. Serious sickness is more likely to strike older persons and those with underlying medical illnesses including cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or chronic respiratory diseases. COVID-19 can cause significant illness or death in anybody, at any age.

When an infected person coughs, sneezes, etc., it might spread through their mouth or nose. The best approach to being safe is to go by the rules, which include keeping a safe distance from others, washing your hands often, wearing a mask, and isolating yourself while you're sick. It can be said that COVID-19 is one of the most communicable diseases in India as it has affected billions of people earlier.`

2. Malaria

A potentially fatal illness called malaria is transmitted to people by certain mosquito species. Tropical nations are where it is primarily found. It may be avoided and treated. A parasite is to be blamed for the infection, which cannot pass from one person to another. The symptoms might be minor or fatal. Fever, chills, and headache are considered mild symptoms. Fatigue, disorientation, convulsions, and breathing difficulties are among the severe symptoms. The risk of a serious illness is higher among newborns, kids under 5, pregnant women, travellers, and persons with HIV or AIDS.

By staying away from mosquito bites and using medications, malaria can be avoided. Treatments can halt the progression of mild instances. People often get malaria through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria can also be spread through infected needles and blood transfusions.  The initial signs of malaria may be difficult to identify since they may be mild and comparable to those of many febrile disorders. If P. falciparum malaria is not treated, it can lead to severe sickness and death within 24 hours.

3. Typhoid

Salmonella bacteria are the root cause of typhoid fever, often known as enteric fever. In areas where few individuals possess the germs, typhoid fever is uncommon. Additionally, it is uncommon when human waste disposal is controlled and water is treated to remove bacteria. The United States is one location where typhoid fever is uncommon. Africa and South Asia are the regions with the greatest number of cases or frequent outbreaks. In areas where it is more prevalent, it poses a major hazard to health, particularly for youngsters.

Typhoid fever is brought on by germs in food and drink. Typhoid fever can also be brought on by having close contact with someone who is infected with the salmonella bacterium. Among the signs include a high fever, headache, Abdominal discomfort, diarrhoea or constipation.

4. Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes the contagious illness tuberculosis, mostly affects the lungs. When an infected person coughs, sneezes, or spits, it can spread via the air. A person is more likely to get TB if they have a weakened immune system, have diabetes, or use cigarettes. Mild coughing, a fever, nocturnal sweats, and weight loss are some early symptoms. It may cause delayed identification and a wider spread among various individuals. An infected individual may often infect 5 to 15 persons who are in close proximity to them. Antimicrobial medications can be used to treat and cure TB.

5. Hepatitis

Another viral condition that causes liver inflammation is hepatitis. It can result in fibrosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, etc if left untreated. Hepatitis is mostly brought on by the hepatitis virus, but it can also be brought on by other illnesses and toxic chemicals like alcohol and drug usage. Water contamination can cause self-limiting hepatitis when consumed orally. Hepatitis viruses come in several varieties known as types A, B, C, D, and E.

India is seeing an upsurge in communicable illnesses as a result of improper hygiene and ignorance. Most illnesses have minor symptoms that are difficult to identify. It can, however, be lethal if left untreated. As a result, it's critical to educate yourself on the most prevalent communicable diseases, be aware of their symptoms, and take the appropriate precautions.

You also need appropriate financial means during the diagnosis and a medical emergency so that you can receive fast treatment, make a full recovery, and stop the spread you cover these costs and be safe, be sure you obtain health insurance!

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