Bottle Gourd Cultivation

Bottle Gourd is also known as white-flowered gourd, long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit. It can be either harvested young to be consumed as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a utensil, container, or a musical instrument.

  • India

    1 January - 28 February
  • India

    1 June - 31 July
Bottle Gourd
Bottle Gourd

Scientific Name- Lagenaria siceraria



  • In India, it is an important vegetable crop.

  • In green stage, the vegetables and leaves with stem are used as a vegetable.

  • Hard shell of the Bottle Gourd is used for different purposes.

  • It is one of the world’s first cultivated plants and it is not grown mainly for food but it is also used as containers.

Local Names:

Bottle gourd has different names in different languages like Sorakya/Anapakaya(Telugu), Soreikai/Chorakkai(Tamil), Chorakaa(Malayalam), Sorekai(Kannada), Ghia/Lauki(Hindi) and Zeeth (Kashmiri).


  • In India, it grows in almost all the states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Punjab, Assam, Andhra Pradesh etc.

  • Bihar has the largest production of Bottle Gourd.


The best time to plant seeds are Summer and Monsoon.


  • It requires moist and hot climatic conditions for its cultivation.

  • The Vegetables cannot withstand frost.

  • For 4 months there should be no frost for its better growth.

  • The suitable temperature for its cultivation is 20-32°c.

Bottle Gourd can be grown in a wide range of soils.
Bottle Gourd can be grown in a wide range of soils.

Soil Requirement:

  • It can be grown in a wide range of soils.

  • But it grows best in Sandy loamy soils with a good drainage system.

Land Preparation:

  • 6-7 plowings followed by harrowing should be done to bring the soil to fine tilth.

  • In soil, pH range should be from 6.5-7.5 for its cultivation.

  • For better yield and good quality of vegetable, organic matter or FYM should be added for making the soil rich.

Sowing Time:

  • In the plains for monsoon or rainy crops it is sown from June-July and in the hills in April.

  • For summer crops, it is sown from January to end of February.

Seed Rate:

Generally for bottle gourd farming the seed rate should be between 3.5 kg- 6kg/ha.

Seed Treatment:

Before sowing, seeds should be treated with 10gms of Pseudomonas fluorescens or 4gms of Trichoderma Viridae or 2gms/kg of Carbendazim seeds.


  • Dibbling method is used for sowing vegetable seed at a spacing of 2m to 3 x 1.0m – 1.5m.

  • In a pit, generally 2-3 seeds are sown at 2.5cm – 3.0cm depth.

Bottle gourd can give a yield of up to 100-120 quintal per hectare.
Bottle gourd can give a yield of up to 100-120 quintal per hectare.





IIHR, Bangalore

Arka Bahar

Fruits straight without crook neck medium sized each weighing 1.0 kg at marketable stage, light green and shining fruit, yield of 40-50t/ha

IARI, New Delhi

Pusa Naveen

Fruits are cylindrical, straight and free from crooked neck with average weight of 550g.

NDAU&T, Faizabad, UP.

Narendra Rashmi

Moderately tolerant to pumpkin beetle. Fruits are bottle shaped having shallow neck and average weight 1.0 kg and Yield 30 t/ha.

Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

Pusa Komal

Fruits are medium sized with oblong shape and light green skin. They are Tolerant to CMV, early harvest (70 DAS), with a potential yield of 40 t/ha.

 Fertilizer Requirement:

  • 10 kg of FYM (20ton/ha), mixture of 100gms of NPK 6:2:12 as basal and 10gms of N/pit for 30 days should be applied after sowing.

  • Before the last plowing, application of Azospirillum, Phosphobacteria( 2kg/ha) and Pseudomonas ( 3kg/h) along with 50 kg of Farmyard manure and 100 kg of neem cake is needed.


  • This crop requires immediate irrigation and is very beneficial in this cultivation.

  • Summer crop requires irrigation at an interval of 3-4 days.

  • Winter crops are irrigated when it is required.

  • Rainy season crops do not require irrigation.

  • Drip irrigation method can also be used as it has many advantages.


  • The crop is ready to harvest in 60-70 days depending upon the variety and season.

  • Medium and tender fruits are harvested depending upon the market requirement.

  • Fruits should be cut from a sharp knife

  • Vegetables should be harvested when they are still green.

  • Harvesting should not be delayed as it causes the bottle gourd to become rotten or dry.


The expected average yield can be 100-120 quintal/hectare.

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