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ICAR Research Help in Revitalizing Scampi Farming's CIFA-GI SCAMPI

The scampi farming industry in India is undergoing a significant revival due to the Prime Minister Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) scheme. This initiative is playing a crucial role in revitalizing the industry, which had suffered a decline in recent times.

Vivek Singh
Success Story of PMMSY and ICAR-CIFA Collaboration (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)
Success Story of PMMSY and ICAR-CIFA Collaboration (Photo Courtesy: Freepik)

In a remarkable turn of events, scampi farming in India is experiencing a resurgence thanks to the Prime Minister Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) scheme, which is playing a pivotal role in rejuvenating this once-flourishing industry. With an unwavering commitment to uplifting scampi farmers and boosting the aquaculture sector, PMMSY has taken centre stage, breathing new life into scampi farming, which had faced a decline in recent years.

The ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR-CIFA) is the driving force behind the success story. Their pioneering research led to the creation of CIFA-GI SCAMPI, a genetically improved strain of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. This innovation has transformed scampi farming, boosting productivity and profitability. The journey started in 2007 when ICAR-CIFA partnered with WorldFish, Malaysia, for a 14-generation selective breeding program. They meticulously selected scampi populations from regions including Gujarat, Kerala, and Odisha. Through rigorous genetic selection, they developed the fast-growing CIFA-GI Scampi, a milestone officially registered in 2020, revolutionizing aquaculture.

The PMMSY takes a comprehensive approach by improving farming practices, adopting modern technologies, fostering skill development, offering financial support for farm establishment and infrastructure, and promoting growth in India's aquaculture sector. To achieve these goals, PMMSY provided Rs 4 Crores to ICAR-CIFA, enabling the expansion of the genetic selection program and strengthening the seed value chain through improved broodstock distribution to multiplier hatcheries.

ICAR-CIFA stands as a pioneer, spotlighting the potential of polyculture, particularly combining scampi with carp culture. Mr Bata Krushna Jena in Odisha's Jajpur District achieved remarkable results: 950 kg/ha of 'CIFA-GI scampi' and 7530 kg/ha of carps in seven months, showcasing the promise of carp-scampi polyculture for state fish farmers.

The Success 

The impact of collective efforts is evident with a 2.5-fold surge in scampi production nationwide, rising from 8,303 to 21,317 tonnes in a year. ICAR-CIFA identified five scampi hatcheries as multiplier hatcheries to drive this growth, producing CIFA-GI SCAMPI seeds for farmers.

Dr P.K. Sahoo, ICAR-CIFA's Director, emphasizes the ambitious goal of cultivating 25,000 hectares under scampi by 202. This ambition reflects the dedication driving this impressive success story. Research, innovation, collaboration, and government support intersect, propelling a renaissance in Indian scampi farming—a testament to strategic efforts reviving the industry and nurturing sector-wide growth.

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