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Mumps Virus: Symptoms and the Cure

The mumps virus, a contagious viral infection, is recognized for its characteristic swelling of the salivary glands.

Sarbani Bhattacharjee
Mumps Virus: Symptoms and the Cure (This image has been created with MidJourney)
Mumps Virus: Symptoms and the Cure (This image has been created with MidJourney)

Recently, cases of mumps have been reported in Delhi and Kerala, shedding light on the importance of understanding the inception of this contagious virus, its symptoms, and the preventive measures.

Symptoms of Mumps

Symptoms typically show up within 12-25 days post-infection and include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite. The most prominent sign of mumps is the swelling of one or both parotid glands, located below and in front of the ears. In some cases, mumps can lead to complications such as meningitis, encephalitis, deafness, and swelling of the testicles or ovaries.

The MMR Vaccine

The most effective means of preventing mumps is through vaccination with the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine. This vaccine, administered in two doses, is crucial in curbing the spread and severity of the disease.

Dosing Schedule and Timings

Children typically receive two doses of the MMR vaccine: the first at nine months of age and the second at 15 months. A third dose is recommended between four and six years of age. Those who missed the vaccine in early childhood can receive it at any age.

The Importance of Vaccination

Vaccination is crucial in reducing the appearance of mumps and its associated complications. Individuals who receive the MMR vaccine, even if they contract mumps, often experience milder symptoms and fewer complications compared to unvaccinated individuals.

Mumps can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. However, with the availability of the MMR vaccine, individuals can significantly reduce their risk of contracting mumps and experiencing its adverse effects.

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