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Russia's Termination of Black Sea Grain Deal Sparks Surge in Sunflower Oil and Wheat Prices

India is facing significant challenges in its edible oil and wheat markets due to geopolitical tensions and weather conditions impacting major exporting countries.

Shivam Dwivedi
Sunflower Oil and Wheat Prices Surge as Russia Terminates Black Sea Grain Deal (Photo Source: Pixabay)
Sunflower Oil and Wheat Prices Surge as Russia Terminates Black Sea Grain Deal (Photo Source: Pixabay)

India is experiencing a surge in the prices of sunflower oil and wheat due to geopolitical developments and adverse weather conditions affecting key exporting countries. The situation has raised concerns among consumers and businesses alike, leading to uncertainties in the market.

The recent suspension of a trade deal between Russia and Ukraine has had a significant impact on the availability and cost of sunflower oil in India. The deal, which allowed the export of commodities from war-torn Ukraine through the Black Sea, was halted by Russia, causing shipments of sunflower oil to India to come to a sudden stop.

On top of this, reports have emerged of Russia bombing the Ukrainian grain port of Odesa, resulting in the destruction of over 60,000 tonnes of grain. As a result, India's imports of sunflower oil have been disrupted, leading to an almost 8% increase in prices.

Soyabean oil prices have also seen an uptick in India due to dry weather conditions in the United States. The US is a major producer and exporter of soybeans, and the adverse weather has significantly impacted soybean production, resulting in a 5% increase in soyabean oil prices within a week. India, being a major importer of both sunflower and soyabean oils, has felt the effects of these international developments.

Sandeep Bajoria, CEO of Sunvin Group, a vegetable oil brokerage and consultancy firm, highlighted the situation, stating that if Russia does not extend the grain deal, sunflower oil prices may increase further. Additionally, with a rise in oil consumption after cooking oil prices fell from the previous year, the demand for sunflower oil is expected to reach 3 million tonnes in the current oil year, up from 2.3 million tonnes last year.

Consumer staple companies in India are also grappling with the impact of rising oil prices. Pradeep Chowdhry, managing director of Gemini Edibles & Fats, expressed concern over the rising prices of imported sunflower oil, which have increased from $960 per tonne to USD 1030 per tonne in just a few days. However, increasing retail prices immediately might not be feasible for these companies, leading to potential profit squeezes.

Global wheat prices have also surged in response to the suspension of the Black Sea grain deal by Russia. Wheat prices on the European stock exchange experienced an almost 9% increase in a single day, reaching USD 284 per tonne. Additionally, US wheat futures saw an 8.5% jump, the highest daily rise since the conflict broke out in February of the previous year. Experts predict a further 15% increase in wheat prices in the next three to four months, adding to the concerns of the Indian edible oil industry.

Anjani Aggarwal, the past president of the Roller Flour Millers Association of India, stated that the suspension of the grain deal by Russia is expected to exacerbate the already rising wheat prices in the global market.

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